What do kids need to thrive and learn all they need for adult life? Let’s ask Peter Gray!
In this two-minute animated summary of a lecture on the value of play, educational researcher Peter Gray gives six fundamentals for self-directed learning.
He’s a Research Professor of Psychology at Boston College, specialising in evolutionary perspectives on psychology. He has done a lot of work on the importance of play in the development of children, and it’s fascinating.
Here are his six conditions that optimise children’s ability to educate themselves:
- Education is the child’s responsibility
- Unlimited opportunity to play
- Opportunity to play with the tools of the culture (he makes a great point about kids and computers)
- Access to a variety of caring adults that are helpers not judges
- Free mixing among children of different ages
- Immersion in a stable, moral, democratic, community
If you liked this summary, taken from an event in Chicago, you can watch Peter Gray’s full seventeen-minute talk, too, called ‘Mother Nature’s Pedagogy: Insights from Evolutionary Psychology’:
You might also be interested in Peter Gray’s TED Talk on how children are able to play less and less these days. He maps a possible connection with increasing rates of mental health troubles in children and young people: